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FACTS: WATER, LIFE AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

FACTS: WATER, LIFE AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

2010

In 2008, more than 1 billion of people did not have any access to clean water. Over 2 millions of children die each year from waterborne diseases and bad sanitary conditions.

According to the United Nations Organization, in 2008, more than 1 billion of people did not have any access to clean water. Over 2 millions of children die each year from waterborne diseases and bad sanitary conditions. The action to reach this challenge on a massive scale and on an appropriate basis is really slow to be developed and implemented until it will produce the desired results.

In each country, and at sub regional and international level, the civil society has the duty to let the political decision makers, as well as the technical and financial decision makers face their responsibilities of making an effective and equitable access to water and sanitation for all citizens of a nation. About 300,000 people will lose their lives each year in Africa until 2016 and it would be mainly children from illness causes like malaria, malnutrition or diarrhoea.



The most affected populations are the ones from the developing countries living in extreme poverty conditions in both rural and suburban areas. The main problems causing this situation include the lack of priority given to the water sector, lack of economic resources, lack of sustainability of services in water supply and sanitation, poor hygiene and inadequate sanitation in public places including hospitals, health centres and schools. To reduce the disease burden caused by these risk factors, it is extremely urgent to provide access to a quantity of clean water and adequate sanitation facilities (toilets) but also to promote safe hygiene practices.

Even if we succeed in meeting the Millennium Development Goals and more specifically in achieving goal number 7, 50% of the population affected by this plague will still remain without access to drinking water sources from 2015.
The scarcity of drinking water supplies in the world and its accessibility are the greatest challenges that humanity faces. Water is a key element of sustainable development.

March 14th, 2010.

 





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